Frequently asked questions & answers about Collagen Premium+

For how long should you use Collagen Premium+? 

Many people experience a normalization of the skin and increased moisture already after 3-4 weeks. However, the recommended time is at least 8-12 weeks. You can also use Collagen Premium + for longer periods to maintain normal skin.

Hydrolyzed marine collagen type 1

The two most common types of collagen are type I and type II. Type I is found throughout the body, except in the cartilage tissue, and accounts for most of the collagen found in our body. Type 2 is the most important part of cartilage. Type I, II and III make up 80-90% of collagen in the body, which type I represents the largest. The collagen we get from fish is hydrolyzed marine collagen type I and is produced and organized into dermal fibroblasts and connective tissue cells in the skin and also plays an important role in bone tissue. It is not only in relation to the elasticity and structure of the bone, but also in relation to central processes in bone mineralization and metabolism (Marcus 1996).
Marine collagen is more accessible to the body and can absorb up to 1.5 times more efficiently in the body, and bioavailability is superior to collagen of bovine (cow) or pig. This is due to its smaller particle size compared to other collagen animal sources. This allows the collagen peptides to be absorbed faster and transported to the body for synthesis of new collagen. For the protein to be absorbed and transported around the body, it must be broken down in the digestion into short peptides and amino acids. It seems that the body can easily retrieve short peptides and thus utilize them quickly in the body. Some of these peptides have bioactive properties, which means that they can exert positive effects in the body in addition to being a nutrient. Focus on biologically active peptides from different protein sources has increased among researchers, through cell cultures and animal studies there are already several sequences that look promising. Areas studied are particularly effects on blood pressure regulation, immune system, cancer, pain response and cholesterol (BT insights, professional proteins).

Body Collagen

Collagen is an important structural protein that helps the body maintain its strength and flexibility and is found especially in the skin and in all types of connective tissue and constitutes approx. 1/3 of the protein in the body, making collagen the largest protein source in humans (Marcus 1996). Adhesive tissue is found throughout the body and has the task of providing structural support, strength and simply holding the body together. We find connective tissue in, for example, tendons, cartilage and ligaments. The cells in the connective tissue are scattered and there are plenty of proteinaceous collagen fibers with high tensile strength and strength.

We distinguish between loose and solid connective tissue, loosely containing few fibers between the cells, while almost exclusively consisting of collagen fibers. The loose connective tissue is found under the skin and mucous membranes, surrounding glands and exits between muscle fibers and nerves and within and between organs and other tissues. This has great tensile strength and elasticity in all directions. Fixed connective tissue is found in tendons and ligaments that attach muscles to bones and bones to bones. Fixed connective tissue in tendons has very high tensile strength in the direction in which the fibers are placed, while in the wires the tension is high in all directions. Collagen fibers help to form the basis for skin, hair and nails (Scrieber 2007, Sibilla et al. 2015, Flaschmajer et al. 1990).

 

Why we recommend Nordic Superfoods Berry products together with Collagen Premium+:

Vitamin C is important in the synthesis of collagen where it interacts with the amino acids proline and hydroxyproline. This is done by adding hydrogen and oxygen so that the amino acids can do their part in the production of collagen. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant that protects the body's cells against oxidative stress. Today, there are several approved vitamin C requirements with regard to the formation of collagen for normal bone, cartilage, skin and blood vessels and said vitamin contributes to normal energy metabolism (EFSA, vitamin C requirements). All of our raw juice concentrates and berry powder contain high levels of vitamin C. Especially black currants and Sea buckthorn as well as the Yellow powder.


What happens to the skin as we age?

From the mid-20th century, the body's natural production of collagen and elastin will decrease, and collagen fibers will become weaker. The structure of the skin changes and results in a weaker (and thinner) skin, drier skin and less elasticity that appear as fine lines and wrinkles and that it has an effect on the body tissue. Production cells, called fibroblasts, constantly form the procollagen and thus compensate for the breakdown of the collagen fibers so that the balance is maintained. The procollagen is further transformed and twisted into strong and flexible collagen fibers. In addition, the collagen fibers have a good ability to bind water, which also helps to keep the skin's surface full, smooth and elastic. It is assumed that we lose collagen at a rate of 1.5% per annum, which is a 30% collagen loss at age 45.

What is the difference between collagen and collagen peptide?
While collagen is essentially structural protein, collagen peptides are a hydrolyzed form of collagen, ie shorter peptide chains composed of amino acids. The collagen molecules are large, which means that it takes longer for the body to absorb and use them compared to already broken down peptides. The collagen undergoes an enzymatic hydrolysis process where the product loses its gelling effect and becomes water soluble. The collagen molecules become smaller and easier for the body to absorb. The peptides provide the necessary amino acids for the development of collagen.
 
Why is marine collagen peptide unique?
Although collagen has a very high protein content (over 90%), it has a different amino acid composition than other protein sources such as cod fillets. The marine collagen, just like the cod fillet, contains all essential amino acids, albeit in much smaller quantities, but has a very high content of amino acids glycine, proline and hydroxyproline. The function of these amino acids is to stimulate cells in bone, connective tissue and skin and to produce collagen. This allows collagen to help strengthen connective tissue and bones as well as support the structure of the skin. In addition, marine collagen also contains arginine, and both glycine and arginine are amino acids that the body uses in the creation of creatine.
 
GLYCINE contributes to the synthesis of collagen, as well as a variety of other proteins. It can also protect organs and tissues in generally inflammatory conditions.

PROLINE is the precursor of hydroxyproline involved in the formation of collagen in the tendons and ligaments. Proline is therefore important in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Proline production in the body increases, for example, through injuries and after exercise where it builds up muscle fibers. This means that marine collagen can be very useful in the recovery phase after training. Proline is dependent on vitamin C to form collagen.

HYDROXYPROLINE is the hydroxylation of proline and is also dependent on vitamin C. Vitamin C acts as a cofactor for the hydroxylation of proline and therefore lack of this vitamin may result in decreased synthesis of collagen since no formation of hydroxyproline will occur. This can lead to reduced strength in connective tissue and skin.

Effects of marine collagen peptides on muscle, skeleton and skin
Products containing active collagen peptides have long been marketed in the US and Europe. Many scientific and preclinical studies show various positive effects on tendon flexibility, ligament stability, bone metabolism, and muscle and bone integrity. Specific collagen peptides were found to significantly increase the expression of collagen types 1 and 3 in human fibroblasts and tendons. The study found that collagen peptides can therefore be an alternative to treating and preventing changes in ligaments and tendons (Schunck and Oesser, 2013). One study investigated the effect of specific marine collagen peptides on collagen expression, post-translational modification, and mineralization in an osteoblastic cell culture (bone-forming cells). Marine collagen peptides upregulate gene expression for collagen-modifying enzymes and these effects led to increased collagen synthesis and positive effects on collagen quality and mineralization of matrix in osteoblasts (Yamada et al., 2014). Another study looked at the effects of protein supplements in the form of type 1 collagen peptides in combination with strength training in older men with sarcopenia. The results showed that compared to placebo, a collagen supplement combined with strength training resulted in further improved body composition by increasing fat-free mass and muscle strength and reducing fat mass in the elderly with sarcopenia (Zdzieblik et al., 2015).
 
Anti-aging effect on the skin
Marine collagen hydrolyzate has been shown to have an anti-aging effect on the skin. A clinical study shows a significant increase in skin elasticity in a group of women aged 35-55 (Proksch et al., 2014).
 
Reduces wrinkles 
The same group of researchers from the University of Kiel, Germany, also showed a significant reduction in wrinkles following a daily intake of collagen hydrolyzate (Proksch et al., 2014).
 
Increases skin moisture 
A comprehensive clinical study showing the effect of an oral collagen peptide supplement on skin aging signs in Japanese and Caucasian women showed a good effect on skin moisture. Marine collagen peptides increased the skin's moisture level by 12% over a period of 8 weeks. A consistent increase in skin collagen density over 12 weeks was confirmed by increased dermal echogenicity (Asserin et al., 2015).
 
Nordic Superfood Collagen Premium+ products
We focus on using Nordic wild-caught raw materials from sustainable fishing and want to contribute to product development and improved documentation for marine products. Our products contain 100% natural ingredients where we use the remains of skins from wild-caught cod (Gadus morhua) from the crystal clear waters of the North Atlantic. The finished product becomes a finely ground powder that can be easily mixed in liquid, is not heat sensitive and has a very high protein content (over 95%). This provides the purest source of 100% naturally high quality collagen available in the market today.
 
Neutral taste and free from artificial additives and preservatives. Do you really need collagen supplements? Yes, sometimes because the amount of collagen in the skin gradually decreases by about 1.5% per year from about 30 years of age.
 

Health claims

» Collagen helps maintain healthy and moving joints.

» Collagen helps maintain normal connective tissue.

» Helps maintain the body's own collagen formation in the skin and helps to improve the structure of the skin and counteract wrinkles and soft skin.

» Collagen deficiency can cause muscle pain and joint problems.

We recommend a daily intake of 1-2 tablespoons (5-10 g) the first / month. Then 1 tablespoon daily. The product is made in Norway of fish skins (wild caught, Norwegian cod). Taste neutral. Use Collagen Premium + powder daily as part of a versatile diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Nutrition /100g:

Energy, calculated 1593 kj / 381 kcal, Protein 99,6g, Carbohydrates 0.2g, Sugars 0.2g, Fat 0.00g, Salt 0.00g